Back Office Operations Definition

Enterprise moored at Subic Bay (1–5 February 1988), after which time the ship stood out of Subic Bay with 17 distinguished Filipino visitors on board, including that country’s CNO, Acting Commander, Air Force, and Chief of Naval Aviation, on 6 February. The ship provided an orientation and air demonstration, including firing a pair of Sidewinders at an AQM-37 target drone. The Tactical Environmental Support System , “significantly” enhancing Enterprise’s capability to provide rapid responses to meteorological and oceanographic requirements, was installed between 14–18 May 1987. On 10 July, Enterprise also celebrated her 90,000th catapult launch from No. 1 catapult, and this period marked the initial use of the Joint Operational Tactical System , providing interfacing to NTDS, embarked staffs and other ships, on board Enterprise. Shortly after Rear Admiral Batzler, ComCarGru-3, was relieved by Rear Admiral E.W. Clexton , Enterprise next visited Singapore (2–5 March) after a passage that had taken her just to the north of Borneo outside of Indonesian territorial waters and been lacking in the usual encounters with Bears flying out of Vietnam. Following the “Aquino Revolution” in the Philippines, when President Marcos was overthrown, Enterprise came about from the South China Sea to remain in Philippine waters, dropping anchor in Subic Bay at night in order to “demonstrate American resolve in support of the Filipino government,” 24–26 February 1986.

The Vigilante broke up into several pieces with the forward part of the fuselage and part of the wings forming the largest piece, which seemed to enter into a flat spin. Silver Kite 213 transmitted “eject” several times over UHF radio before this portion of the Vigilante impacted at the base of a nearby ridge and burned. Though no AAA fire was observed by the F-4J prior to the explosion, “moderate” automatic weapons fire was noted while orbiting the scene. Speculation focused upon the prospect that a fuel cell was hit by small arms or AAA fire, triggering the explosion. Both men’s remains were not returned until 11 March 1997, being identified on 9 July 1998.

  • Flare 102 climbed to 21,500 feet and returned overhead to attempt to rendezvous with Folder III, the KA-3B duty tanker , Lieutenant Deighton A. Hunt, pilot, Ensign Carroll L. Gibson, bombardier/navigator, and AO1 Melvin F. Colby, crewman/navigator, attached to VAH-2 Det M, for inflight refueling practice.
  • This session will explain how TOR anonymizes IP traffic, how TOR hidden services work, who uses TOR hidden services and the top five TOR investigation approaches.
  • CinCLantFlt and Com2ndFlt both visited the carrier, 0652–0716, before returning to the cheering crowd.
  • It “was apparent” that he would not make it to the sea, so he ejected at about 1215, watching his Skyhawk spin and burn as he descended toward the enemy-infested jungle.
  • During that time, Lieutenant Commander Grover Giles, pilot, and Lieutenant Commander Roger McFillen, RIO, VF-1, made the maiden F-14A Tomcat landing on board Enterprise on 14 March 1974.
  • Enterprise stood out of Guantánamo Bay in readiness to deploy as one of the potential tracking and measuring stations for the epochal flight.

During October and November, aircraft from the ship flew around the clock for 18 consecutive days, dropping over 829,150 lb of ordnance on al Qaeda and the Taliban, 770,000 of it PGMs. Included were one AIM-9M Sidewinder, one AIM-54C Phoenix, 68 AGM-65E/F Mavericks, seven GBU-10 LGBs, 266 GBU-12s, 272 GBU-16s, five GBU-24s, 75 Mk 84 GBU-31 JDAMs and 47 BLU-109 GBU-31 JDAMs. One squadron, VFA-15, flew 185 sorties for a total of 795 hours, dropping 232,000 lb of ordnance. The Enterprise CVBG contributed 29% of all U.S. strike assets during its first Enduring Freedom deployment. The ship completed 10,111 incident free launches and arrestments, catapult No. 1 reaching 135,000 lifetime shots.

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The Enterprise was meant to serve as a familiar, recurring setting, similar to Dodge City in Gunsmoke and Blair General Hospital in Dr. Kildare. As production continued, standing sets like the engine room and bridge became increasingly detailed. The bridge was monochromatic for «The Cage», but it was redecorated for «Where No Man Has Gone Before» because of the increasing popularity of color televisions. Roddenberry envisioned a computer system on the ship more advanced than the punchcard-based computers of the day.

Carrier qualifications for CVW-9 were conducted off the Virginia capes, 11–14 October 1965, the ship returning to Norfolk through the 26th, recording her 45,000th arrested landing on the 11th. On 18 October, Rear Admiral Henry L. Miller, ComCarDiv-3, reported on board, selecting the carrier as his flagship. From 9 August–8 September 1965, Enterprise participated in training at Guantánamo Bay, under the direction of Commander, Fleet Training Group, 12 August–3 https://globalcloudteam.com/ September 1965, the rest of the period spent in transit. The ship “simulated battle conditions and participated in exercises designed to increase the proficiency of all hands,” overseen by a party headed by Vice Admiral Charles T. Booth, II, AirLant, and Dr. W.P. Raney, Special Assistant for Research to Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Two days later Enterprise cast off mooring lines to begin her Independent Ship Exercise off the Atlantic coast.

Although the enemy almost immediately began clearance efforts, the combined minelaying flights forced the North Vietnamese to temporarily suspend utilizing coastal barges for smuggling, as well as seriously curtailing local fishing activities, often used to feed communist troops. At approximately 1625, 601 commenced its roll-in to a 45º dive to release at 5,000 feet. As 601 leveled its wings in the dive, the crew observed a 57 mm burst over the target, followed seconds later by an explosion at 5,000–7,000 feet. Shortly afterward, 601 spotted a second explosion on the ground northeast of 614’s aim point. Returning to Yankee Station on 1 February 1967, Enterprise resumed operations against North Vietnam, though poor weather continued to “prevail and discourage” Alpha (maximum-effort) strikes.

Keeping Enterprise at sea taxed men and ships alike, the ship accomplishing no less than 64 underway replenishments during 1972. The U.S. imposed a further halt upon bombing above the 20th parallel in North Vietnam, concluding Linebacker I operations on 23 October 1972, a goodwill gesture toward Hanoi intending to promote North Vietnamese cooperation during the Paris peace talks. By the time the strikes ended aircrews from Enterprise dropped 2,000 tons of bombs on the enemy. Linebacker I had proved partially successful by seriously disrupting the flow of supplies from North Vietnam to communist forces in the south. From May–October 1972, the Navy flew a total of 23,652 tactical air attack sorties into North Vietnam. Underway on 12 July 1971, Enterprise arrived on Yankee Station for her first line period, 15–30 July.

Admiral Huntington Hardisty, CinCPac, visited the ship during that period, on the 11th. On the 14th, Enterprise steamed in a joint U.S. and Japanese formation of 48 ships, including Carl Vinson, Missouri and New Jersey, hosting over 300 Japanese and ROK dignitaries and military personnel, and conducting a fire power demonstration. From 1 October 1988–10 April 1989, Enterprise completed an SRA at Alameda, “early work” beginning on 16 September.

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While transiting the Strait of Malacca, the carrier passed British warships, Japanese freighters, as well as junks and sampans of indeterminate nationality. However, tragedy struck the ship the next day, when Airman Apprentice Barry E. Peterman was blown overboard from the flight deck by a jet exhaust during night landings. After recovering aircraft, Enterprise “combed the seas” with an extensive all-night SAR, but Peterman was never found. Enterprise successfully completed sea trials off the Virginia capes, 22–24 June 1965, under the personal direction of Vice Admiral Rickover. The propulsion trials included steaming at full power and an emergency reversal test, together with aircraft launching and recovery, as well as “check out” of all ship’s systems and equipment.

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Operations continued with increasing ferocity across South Vietnam as Allied forces attempted to regain much of the ground lost during the opening communist attacks in Tet. Arriving at Yankee Station on 1 June, she launched primarily interdiction strikes, also hosting a Spanish delegation led by Chief, Army Central Staff, Director General, Military Academy, Director, Air University, and Director, School of Advanced Studies. A massive Alpha strike from carriers steaming in the Gulf of Tonkin, including Enterprise, struck the Xom Trung Hoa storage area, northwest of Vinh, on 8 May 1968. Described as one of the largest enemy POL and ammunition facilities south of the 20th Parallel, three days of bombing devastated the site, triggering “hundreds” of secondary explosions. The “fourth period of special operations ended on 27 May,” the ship returning to NAS Cubi Point on the 30th, but leaving on 3 June to be back at Yankee Station on the 5th. Six Intruders from Enterprise struck the Thai Nguyen Iron and Steel Plant three times, all flights reporting success, and on the 8th, her Phantom IIs “inflicted heavy damage” to several buildings in a storage area 30 miles north of Vinh with 250 lb bombs.

The squadrons were normally organized into four operating elements, Alpha–Delta, each consisting of an airborne mine countermeasures planning, command and control, aircraft and material element. Dangerous work, aircrews endured hazardous flying operations, both surface and aircrews facing errant mines and weather interference. Operation End Sweep ultimately concluded on 27 July 1973 and TF 78 was disbanded, but during its six months of operations, the airborne element made 3,554 minesweeping runs totaling 1,134.7 sweeping hours in 623 sorties. On 5 February 1973, Commander, TF 78, supported by other naval mine demolition experts, met with North Vietnamese leaders in Haiphong to discuss the operation. A detachment formed around a helicopter and 10 men from Enterprise’s HS-2 Det 1 flew several flights daily from guided missile frigate Worden to Cat Bi airfield, near Haiphong, transporting U.S. and North Vietnamese negotiators to meetings to initiate the operation (4–20 February 1973).

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Planes from Enterprise “ranged throughout” the theater in the third week of May 1967, making “accurate and damaging” strikes against North Vietnamese supply-support installations. Enterprise and CVW-9 participated in a three carrier coordinated strike against “key” targets in the north, on 19 May. Intruders from Enterprise, backed-up by Skyhawks from CVW-5, embarked on board Hancock, damaged the eastern approach of the “vital” Hai Duong Railway/Highway Bridge, 20 miles northwest of Haiphong, the primary rail link between Hanoi and Haiphong, with air-to-ground missiles. The A-6s also destroyed the nearby railroad station and depot at Thien Linh Dong railroad marshalling yard, with “a barrage of missiles and bombs,” including both 1,000 and 2,000 pounders. En route to the latter, aircrews encountered a “barrage of SA-2 missiles.” Nonetheless, Skyhawks fired upon four SAM sites in the vicinity of Hanoi, but evasive maneuvers taken by the aircraft precluded battle damage assessment .

Additional avionics packages installed enabled support of the forward looking infrared radar systems, at this point principally on A-6Es and A-7Es. Ground support equipment overhaul and calibration and testing of precision measuring equipment, and the checking of production efforts, were the responsibility of the ground support equipment rework det, established on 9 January 1979, at NAS Alameda. The task group chopped to Com7thFlt on 2 May 1978, ComCarGru-1 shifting his flag from Enterprise to Kitty Hawk the same day. Enterprise participated in exercises Fortress Warrior I and Fortress Warrior II while approaching the Philippines, 9–11 May, followed by transiting the San Bernadino Strait on the 12th; she ultimately moored at, Cubi Point on 17 May. ComCarStrFor7thFlt’s InChopEx commenced with the arrival of Rear Admiral Harris, TF-77, on 31 August 1976.

Rear Admiral Joseph J. Barth, Jr., ComCarGru-3, embarked on board Enterprise on 12 March (being relieved by Rear Admiral Edwin R. Kohn, Jr., on 30 October). New instrumentation was emplaced on the jet engine test cell control booth, relocated from the port side of the fantail to the ship’s centerline, facilitating the installation of three MK 15 Mod 1 Phalanx Close-In Weapon Systems . Additional defensive improvements included installation/modifications of three eight-celled MK 29 launchers for Raytheon AIM-7F Sea Sparrow surface-air-missiles, and three single MK mm guns.

A “multinational, two carrier, extended exercise,” RimPac 84 involved U.S. and Japanese P-3s, USAF B-52s, and about 90 American and Australian ships and submarines, the latter numbering both diesel and nuclear-powered boats. The tension between the two superpowers provided both with opportunities to test the other’s resolve and naval competency, and planes from both carriers conducted simulated dual wing coordinated strikes that were frighteningly real in the circumstances. Preceded by a fast cruise (25 January–1 February 1982) she completed her sea trials satisfactorily, returning to Bremerton on the 8th. Embarking “dependents, pets and automobiles” , Enterprise conducted Operation Southwest Passage, the return to Alameda, 11–13 February 1982. Glibly dubbed Noah’s Ark by her crew, the carrier sported a “pet motel” on the fantail to accommodate the animals.

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Enterprise returned to Pearl Harbor for a second visit, 29 June–2 July 1984, then continuing on her westerly course into WestPac. Four Soviet Sibir class AGEs and a Primorye class AGI monitored the transit with more than passing interest. Standing out of Alameda on 14 March 1984, Enterprise participated in ReadiEx 84-3, the final phase consisting of “an opposed, multithreat Orange Force scenario,” including a Harpoon missile exercise, on the 30th. Another multithreat scenario, it added “power projection strikes ashore.” Refresher air operations were then completed in the southern California operating area, 19–30 April. On 23 September 1982, Sideflare 74, a CH-46 from HC-11’s Sacramento det, ditched at sea due to fuel starvation, Enterprise assuming on scene SAR command.

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During the first half of May, the “bank of haze that had hampered air operations since March, lay like a thick curtain over North Vietnam from Vinh to the Chinese border and little could be accomplished.” The ship returned to Yankee Station on 8 May 1966, launching interdiction strikes. Hoboken 400, flight leader, was leveling off at 800–1,000 feet and the flight was in and out of the cloud tops, indicating the three aircraft did not have visual reference to one another at all times. Suddenly he saw a bright flash in his rear view mirror and lost visual and voice contact with 411 and 406, which probably collided. At 1010, however, while encountering low stratus clouds with tops at 800–1,000 feet, the pilot and RIO of Showtime 613, another F-4B, both saw a SAM off the coast, arching upward at high speed, heading 090º at 1,000 feet. Their initial sighting was a “plume of smoke” and then a “black pencil shaped object” leveling off. During February, the carrier rendezvoused with Bainbridge and fast combat support ship Sacramento (AOE-1), the crew of the latter transferring 327 tons of supplies to Enterprise and Bainbridge in barely 24 hours, a taxing replenishment.

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On that date, all three of her CIWS mounts blasted a TDU-34A target towed behind a Skyhawk. After punctuating her busy training regimen with a visit to St. Thomas (2–6 August), during CompTuEx, she destroyed a BQM-74E drone with a direct hit by her NATO Sea Sparrow, and a towed drone unit by mount No. 24 CIWS, before returning to Norfolk. Following the collapse of the East Bloc and the corresponding lessoning of Cold War tensions, however, Congress issued a mandate for the Navy to “drawdown,” or reduce its force. In 1994, Enterprise offered “Early Out,” a fleet-wide program allowing service members to terminate their active duty commitment, nearly 20% of the crew taking advantage of the program, with approving authority given by the commanding officer.

Multiple Star Trek: Picard Actors Confirm Departure From Series

After the crew stood down, the forward battle dressing station remained in operation as a “holding/treatment area” for the “walking wounded.” Altogether, one man from the Prowler died and 15 from different commands were injured. The following day, the two injured Viking crewmembers were transpoprted ashore to the Naval Medical Center, Portsmouth, Va., for further treatment. The crew held a memorial service for their fallen shipmates in hangar bay 1 at 0800 on the 11th. Enterprise stood out for refresher training, 8–21 July 1985, with BFD being the “normal mode of flight operations,” the last two days being devoted to carquals for CVW-9 from Kitty Hawk. This was followed by an additional period of underway training in the southern California operating area, emphasizing “war at sea strikes,” AD, power projection and ASW, 30 July–8 August 1985.

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The air wing composition changed mid-way through 1975, with VAQ-134 and RVAH-1 replacing VAQ-137 and RVAH-12 respectively, while an additional squadron, VS-29, also reported on board with 10 S-3As, recording 97 arresting landings between 7 and 9 December 1975. Thus, on a “cold foggy morning” Enterprise slipped beneath the Golden Gate Bridge, her crew “manning the rail” in blues, greeted by a sign welcoming the Enterprise Back office “Big E” held by wives on the bridge. The sun finally broke through as the ship moored to Pier 3, Alameda, during the afternoon watch on 12 February 1972. Rendezvousing with Constellation, the “Big E” debarked Rear Admiral Cooper and his staff, 19–20 January 1972. Also on the 20th, the ship hosted Canadian Brigadier General Robert T. Bennett, Senior Military Representative, International Control Commission.

After two days of upkeep at Cubi Point (19–20 February 1968), Enterprise arrived at Yankee Station and embarked ComCarDiv-3 on 21 February, beginning combat operations the following day. The northeast monsoon season again interfered with operations, however, and “poor flying weather” caused by “a blanket of heavy clouds and torrential rains” across much of North Vietnam restricted strikes. Despite the poor weather, VA-35 Intruders carried out a pre-dawn raid against Hanoi’s port facility on 23 February 1968. The men of VA-35 “dodged a flurry” of SAMs and “a heavy barrage” of AAA, inflicting “severe damage.” Two more strikes were made over succeeding weeks, pilots reporting “good systems runs.” In addition to these operations, her Intruders pounded power plants, railroads and bridges within North Vietnam. In the south, meanwhile, Skyhawks from VAs-56 and 113 and Phantom IIs from VFs-92 and 96 struck communist supply routes and destroyed bunkers, storage areas and artillery positions. Also on the 20th, Admiral Robert L. Dennison, CinCLantFlt, ordered the A-5A Vigilantes of VAH-7 to remain ashore at NAS Sanford, Fla., replacing them with 20 USMC A-4D Skyhawks from VMA-225 from Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, N.C., the Skyhawks being considered more appropriate for CAS due to their lighter characteristics.

Much of the military equipment required by the North Vietnamese had arrived by Eastern Bloc ships, and Operation Pocket Money had been developed to cut that flow of supplies. Beginning Pocket Money, three A-6As and six A-7Es from Coral Sea, supported by an EKA-3B, laid a total of 36 MK 52-2 mines in the outer approaches to Haiphong harbor on 9 May 1972. Their mission initiated a campaign that ultimately sowed 108 special MK 52-2s and more than 11,000 MK 36 type destructor mines over the next eight months. The mining proved to be one of the most successful naval operations of the war, closing the port of Haiphong for upward of 10 months.

The SMC looks like a miniature version of a war room at the Pentagon and works in a similar fashion to the bridge seen on Star Trek. The visitor’s center in Vulcan, Alberta, has a replica starship designed like the Enterprise. Harris included the Enterprise as one of the 50 most significant objects to appear in film, alongside the ruby slippers in The Wizard of Oz, the Maschinenmensch in Metropolis, and the Batmobile in Batman Begins. Jill Sherwin suggested that the aging Enterprise in The Search for Spock served as a metaphor for the aging Star Trek franchise.

Cvn 65 Uss Enterprise

Accompanying 202 was Silver Kite 210, another squadron Phantom II. Both aircraft approached the target from barely 100 feet from the west, receiving heavy AAA. The crew of Silver Kite 210 extinguished their fire by reducing power, returning to Enterprise. Meanwhile, Bainbridge’s CIC received Jordan’s emergency IFF signal and it was arranged that the pilot would rendezvous with Bainbridge if possible, before bailing out. However, unable to jettison his remaining MK-82 or to lower his port main landing gear, Jordan elected to proceed toward Enterprise and eject near the ship.

Shipping was carefully monitored, merchant shipping being of “particular interest” due to the resurgence of Iranian and Iraqi attacks on maritime traffic in the Northern Arabian Gulf. For the first two weeks in the Indian Ocean, “an active flight deck” was maintained in the mornings hopefully preventing seasonal heavy dew and reducing hazards, as well as Iranian P-3 patrols, whose flights often coincided with early mornings. The weather continued to be a problem, however, as blowing dust in the air was very prevalent, “creating low level haze and occasionally reducing flight visibility,” the mixture of settling dust and a wet flight deck also creating slippery, hazardous conditions. Enterprise returned to the southern California operating area for additional training (23 February–2 March 1984), recording a total of 1,568 arrested landings, 1,127 day and 441 night. In addition to the wing’s VS-21 qualifying 18 of its pilots, CVW-14, CVWR-30, VA-122, VFA-125, VF-124, VMA-21, VAQ-33, VAW-110, VS-41 and VRC-30 also took advantage of the carquals. From 31 October–22 November 1983, the “Big E” completed refresher training in the southern California operating area.

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